This website is best viewed in a browser that supports web standards.

Skip to content or, if you would rather, Skip to navigation.

Northwest Missouri State University

Library Home » Electronic Theses » Recreation » Lauren K. McNees

The Impact of HOPSports on Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity in Children

Author: Lauren K. McNees
M.S. in Recreation
Department of Health and Human Services
November 2012

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of various forms of physical activity (unstructured recess vs. structured Physical Education vs. HOPSports Curriculum) on a child’s perceptions of adequacy toward physical activity and predilections to participate in physical activity. A total of 36 primary school children (20 boys and 16 girls) aged 9 to 12 years participated in the study. The students in grades 4th - 6th participated in three activity sessions over three consecutive days: a traditional physical education class and a physical education class using the HOPSports system and an unstructured recess session. A standardized questionnaire designed by Hay (1992) was used to gather information on a child’s self-perception towards physical activity: The Children’s Self-Perceptions of Adequacy in and Predilection for Physical Activity (CSAPPA) scale. Repeated measures Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to examine difference scores across the three study conditions: adequacy, predilection and enjoyment of physical activity. The students completed a pretest-posttest of the scale, to determine the impact of the three activity sessions. The results showed no significant difference for the HOPSports and recess condition, however, in terms of adequacy, the traditional physical education session experienced significantly greater gains. Study results and limitations warrant further research in the impact of HOPSports on a child’s self-perception towards physical activity. The study recommended that future research and practice focus on developing strategies for effectively integrating the HOPSports program into more traditional physical education classes. A key element of such integration may ensure teacher feedback during the session in order to increase a child’s self-perception.