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Library Home » Citing Sources » APA Citation Examples

APA Citation Examples



[Planet]  Citing Print & Online Sources:
Periodical Examples Book Examples Web Page Examples
LexisNexis Academic Opposing Viewpoints CQ Researcher
NOTE: Examples on this page follow conventions from the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association with additional recommendations offered by social sciences faculty at Northwest Missouri State University. Corrections to the first printing of the sixth edition are linked here.

Periodical (Article) Examples

For further help citing periodical articles, consult Examples by Type 7:01 Periodical, 1-17, pages 198-202 of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

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JOURNAL Articles with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Continuous Pagination
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number, Inclusive page numbers. doi:DOI

Reference List Examples:
Magnavita, J. (2008). Toward unification of clinical science: The next wave in the evolution of psychotherapy? Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 18, 264-291. doi:10.1037/a0013490
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Magnavita, 2008, p. 265)



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JOURNAL Articles with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Paginated by Issue
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number(issue number), Inclusive page numbers. doi:DOI

Reference List Examples:
Richler, J. (2008). Holistic processing of faces: Perceptual and decisional components. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34(2), 221-235. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.34.2.328
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Richler, 2008, pp. 222-225)



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Online JOURNAL Articles without DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Online article using Persistent Link (EBSCOhost) or Bookmark (Gale)
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number (issue number), Inclusive page numbers. Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Albrecht, T., & Danice, E. (2000). Development, ethics, and prenatal health outcomes. Journal of Social Philosophy, 36(2), 376-381. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&
AN=4370808&site=ehost-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Albrecht & Danice, 2000)

 

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JOURNAL Articles without DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Continuous Pagination
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number, Inclusive page numbers.
Reference List Example:
Hanson, F. A. (1999). Zero effect: The year 2000 computer crisis. Society, 36, 68-74.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Hanson, 1999)

 

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JOURNAL Articles without DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Paginated by Issue
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number(issue number), Inclusive page numbers.
Reference List Example:
Tokita, T. (2002). Prospects for reform of the Japanese healthcare system. Society, 36(15), 55-66.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Tokita, 2002)

 

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MAGAZINE Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Periodical, Volume Number(issue number, if any), Page Numbers.
Reference List Example:
Flora, C. (2006, November/December). The Kiriana conundrum. Psychology Today, 36, 96-100.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Flora, 2006)

 

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Online MAGAZINE Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Periodical, Volume Number(issue number, if any). Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Saey, T. H. (2009, July 18). You are who you are by DEFAULT. Science News, 36. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&
db=aph& AN=43227152&site=ehost-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Saey, 2009)

 

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NEWSPAPER Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Newspaper, pp. Page Numbers.
Reference List Example:
Baron, D. (2003, December 19). Sharing inside information. Chronicle of Higher Education, pp. C1, C2.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Baron, 2003)

 

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Online NEWSPAPER Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Newspaper. Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Thaler, R. H. (2009, August 16). A public option isn't a curse, or a cure. New York Times. Retrieved from
http://find.galegroup.com/gtx/infomark.do?contentSet=IAC-Documents&docType=IAC&type=retrieve&tabID=
T004&prodId=AONE&docId=CJ205929521&userGroupName= nwmosu_owens&version=1.0&search Type= AdvancedSearchForm&source=gale&infoPage=infoMarkPage


Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Thaler, 2009)

 

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Trade Magazine Periodical Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number, Inclusive page numbers.
Reference List Example:
Brookman, F. (2007, September 3). Senate HELP committee releases draft of reform bill; Key gaps remain.  WWD: Women's Wear Daily, 194, 10
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Brookman, 2007)
Note: If volume number is not present in the article record in the database, omit it from your citation.

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Online Trade Magazine Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number. Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Lewis, M. (2009, July 10). Critical mass.  Medical Economics, 86.  Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&
AN=43274249&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Lewis, 2009)
Note: If volume number is not present in the article record in the database, omit it from your citation.

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Book Examples

    Book from an eReader    
Entire Book Edited Books


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For further help citing books, reference books, and book chapters, consult chapter 7, section 7:02, items 18-30 on pages 202-205 of the 6th edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Entire Book:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of book. City of Publisher, US Postal Abbreviation: Publisher.
Reference List Example:
Carter, R. (1998). Mapping the mind. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Carter, 1998, p. 9)
To locate additional citation examples, consult Style Manuals on Reserve.

 

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For further help citing books, reference books, and book chapters, consult chapter 7, section 7:02, items 18-30 on pages 202-205 of the 6th edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Edited Books:
Editor(s)(Eds.). (Date of Publication). Title of book. City of Publisher, US Postal Abbreviation: Publisher.
Reference List Example:
Cacioppo, J. T., & Tassinary, L. (Eds.). (1990). Principles of psychophysiology: Physical, social, and inferential elements. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Cacioppo & Tassinary, 1990, pp. 20-22)
To locate additional citation examples, consult Style Manuals on Reserve.

 

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For further help citing books, reference books, and book chapters, consult chapter 7, section 7:02, items 18-30 on pages 202-205 of the 6th edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Chapters in Books:
Author(s) of Chapter. (Date of Publication). Title of chapter. In Editor(s)(Eds.), Title of book (pp. page numbers). City of Publication, US Postal Abbreviation: Publisher.
Reference List Example:
Stern, J. A., & Dunham, D. N. (1990). The ocular system. In J. T. Cacioppo & L. G.Tassinary (Eds.), Principles of psychophysiology: Physical, social, and inferential elements (pp. 513-553). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Stern & Dunham, 1990)
To locate additional citation examples, consult Style Manuals on Reserve.

 

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For further help citing books, reference books, and book chapters, consult chapter 7, section 7:02, items 18-30 on pages 202-205 of the 6th edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Reference Book Example:
Editor(s)(Eds.). (Date of Publication). Title of reference book(s) (Edition, Vol. volume #). City of Publication, US Postal Abbreviation: Publisher.
Reference List Example:
Turner, J. (Ed.). (1996). The dictionary of art (Vol. 1-34D). New York, NY: Grove's Dictionaries.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Turner, 1996)
To locate additional citation examples, consult Style Manuals on Reserve.

 

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For further help citing books, reference books, and book chapters, consult chapter 7, section 7:02, items 18-30 on pages 202-205 of the 6th edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Entry in a Reference Book Example:
Author(s) of Entry. (Date of Publication). Title of chapter. In Editor(s)(Eds.), Title of book (Edition, Vol. volume #, pp. Page Numbers). City of Publisher, US Postal Abbreviation: Publisher.
Reference List Example:
French, F. M. (2003). Catastrophic forgetting in connectionist networks. In L. Nadel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of cognitive science
(3rd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 431-435). New York, NY: Nature Publishing.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(French, 2003)


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Electronic Version of a Printed Book
With DOI
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of book. doi:[DOI]
Reference List Example:
Rogers, P. (Ed.). (2007). The Cambridge companion to Alexander Pope.
doi:10.1017/CCOL9780521840132
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Rogers, 2007)

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Electronic Version of a Printed Book
Without DOI
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of book. Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Lynch, J. (2002). Age of Elizabeth in the age of Johnson. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/nwmsu/docDetail.action?
docID=10069984&p00=alexander+pope
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Lynch, 2002)


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Electronic Version of a Book Chapter
With DOI
Author(s) of Chapter. (Date of Publication). Title of chapter. In Editor(s)(Eds.), Title of book (pp. page numbers). doi:[DOI]
Reference List Example:
Sanders, M. A. (2005). American modernism and the new negro renaissance. In W. Kalaidjian (Ed.), Cambridge companion to American modernism
(pp. 129-156). doi:10.1017/CCOL052182995X.006
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Sanders, 2005)


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Electronic Version of a Book Chapter
Without DOI
Author(s) of Chapter. (Date of Publication). Title of chapter. In Editor(s)(Eds.), Title of book (pp. page numbers). Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Furbank, P. N. (2000). Craftlike nature of biography. In J. Law (Ed.), Biographical passages: Essays on Victorian and modernist biography (pp. 18-27). Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/nwmsu/Doc?id=10001770&ppg=30
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Furbank, 2000)

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Online Reference Work
Author(s) of Chapter. (Date of Publication). Title of book (Volume or edition). Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Palmer, C. A. (Ed.). (2006). Encyclopedia of African-American culture and history: The black experience in the Americas (Vols. 1-6). Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE|9780028660714&v=2.1&u=
nwmosu_owens&it=aboutBook&p=GVRL&sw=w
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Palmer, 2006)

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Entry in an Online Reference Work
Author(s) of Chapter. (Date of Publication). Title of chapter. In Editor(s)(Eds.), Title of book. Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Kelly, B. L. (2009). Ravel, Maurice. In L. Macy (Ed.),
Grove music online
. Retrieved from http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/52145
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Kelly, 2009)

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Entry in an Online Reference Work, No Author
Title of chapter. (Date of Publication). In Editor(s) (Eds.), Title of book. Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Skinner, Burrhus Frederick. (2002). In N. Sheehy, A. J. Chapman, & W. A. Conroy (Eds.), Biographical dictionary of psychology. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/routbiopsy/skinner_burrhus_frederick
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Skinner, 2002)

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Web Examples


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Web Page Example

 

Web Page Example:
Author/editor. (Date of page creation or last revision). Full title of the web page. Retrieved from URL
Reference List Example:
Green, C. (2000, April 16). History & philosophy of psychology web resources. Retrieved from http://www.yorku.ca/dept/psych/orgs/resource.htm
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Green, 2000)

 

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Online Annual Report Example


Web Page Example:
Annual report title. (Date of page creation or last revision). Retrieved from URL
Reference List Example:
Microsoft Corporation: Annual report 2008. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/msft/reports/ar08/index.html
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Microsoft, 2008)

 

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Online Company Profiles


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Note: More company profile examples are available at the Business Source Premier, and Business & Company Resource Center, LexisNexis, sections of this page.

Online Company Profile
Datamonitor Company Profile (Business Source Premier)
Title of the profile. (Date of publication). Retrieved from Persistent URL or Bookmark

Reference List Examples:
Google Inc. company profile. (2009, June 9). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=dmhco&
AN=5B199F61-608D-4923-B4A3-F5EE15285ADE&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Google, 2009)



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Online Industry Profile
Datamonitor Industry Profile (Business Source Premier)
Title of profile. (Date of publication). Retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark

Reference List Examples:
Internet software & services industry profile: Global. (2009, March). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&
AN=37370863&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Internet software, 2009)


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Online SWOT Analysys
Datamonitor SWOT Analysis (Business Source Premier)
Analysis title. (Date of publication). Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL

Reference List Examples:
Yahoo!, Inc. SWOT analysis. (2009, May). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&
AN=41223984&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Yahoo!, 2009)


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Online Company Profile
Company Profile (Business & Company Resource Center)
Title of the profile. (Date of publication). [Company profile]. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL

Reference List Examples:
Adobe Systems Inc. (ADBE). (n.d.). [Company profile]. Retrieved from
http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BCRC?vrsn=unknown&loc
ID=nwmosu_owens&srchtp=glbc&cc=1&c=1&mode=
c&ste=60&tab=1&tbst=tsCM&ccmp=Adobe+Systems+Inc.&mst=
adobe+systems&docNum=DC321995&bConts=3
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Adobe, n.d.)


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Online Company Profile
LexisNexis Academic Business Company Profiles
Title of the profile. (Date of publication). [Company profile]. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL

Reference List Examples:
Starbucks Corporation. (2009, August 25). [Company profile]. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Starbucks, 2009)



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Proceedings


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Note: Find examples of meeting and symposia publications in section 7.04, pages 206, 207 of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.




Proceedings published regularly online example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the paper. Title of the Proceedings: volume number if available, Inclusive page numbers. doi:DOI
Reference List Example:
Accot, J., & Zhai, S. (2001). Scale effects in steering law tasks. Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 312-317. doi:10.1145/365024.365027
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Accot & Zhai, 2001)

 

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Proceedings Published in Book Form
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the paper. In Editor Name(s) (Eds.), Title of the Proceedings (pp. Inclusive page numbers). City of Publication, US Postal Abbreviation: Publisher. doi:[DOI]
Reference List Example:
Maekawa, T., Yanagisawa, Y., & Sakurai, Y. (2009). Web searching for daily living. In M. Sanderson, & J. Zobel (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (pp. 27-34). New York, NY: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/1571941.1571949
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Maekawa, Yanagisawa, & Sakurai, 2009)

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ERIC Document from ERIC Databae Example

Note: Find an example of an ERIC document in section 7.09, number 62, page 212 of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.


ERIC Document from ERIC Database
Author/editor. (Date of publication). Full Title. Retrieved from ERIC database.
(ED#)
Reference List Example:
Lin, S. J. (2001). Classifying Internet pathological users: Their usage, Internet sensation seeking, and perceptions. Retrieved from ERIC database. (ED458468)
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Lin, 2001)


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Legal & Legislative
(Laws, Cases, Congressional Documents)

APA Style Blog: Citing Court Decisions in APA Style
Supreme Court Decision State Court Case US Federal Government Agency Publication
United States Public Law United States Federal Statute US Presidential Docuements
APA Style Blog

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Note: Find legal & legislative examples in appendices 7.01 - 7.07, pages 216-224 of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.


Federal Government Agency Publication:
Sponsoring Agency. (Date). Title. Retrieved from [URL]
Reference List Example:
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2005, December 20). Occupational outlook handbook, 2006-07: Accountants and auditors. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos001.htm
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(U.S. Department of Labor, 2006)

 

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United States Supreme Court Decision:
Party's Name v. 2nd Party's Name, Volume Source Page (Date).
Reference List Example:
Mireles v. Waco, 502 U. S. 9 (1991).
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Mireles v. Waco, 1991)

 

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State Court Case:
Name v. Name, Volume Source Page (Date).
Reference List Example:
Ocello v. Koster, 354 S.W.3d 187 (2011).
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Ocello v. Koster, 2011)
(Mireles v. Waco, 1991)

 

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US Congressional: Public Laws Example:
Title. Public Law No. Statute no. Bill enacted (Year).
Reference List Example:
No child left behind act of 2001. 107 P. L. 110. 115 Stat. 1425. 2002 Enacted H.R. 1 (2002).
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(No child left behind act of 2001, 2002)


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US Federal Statute Example:
Title, Section no. (Year).
Reference List Example:
Health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, 42 U.S. Code 1305 (2010).
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Health care and education reconciliation act of 2010, 2010)


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US Presidential Papers Weekly Compilation Example:
Title, Page no.Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. (Date).
Reference List Example:
The president's radio address, 95 Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. (2009, January 20).
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(The president's radio address, 2010)


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State Government Agency Publication:
Sponsoring Agency. (Date). Title. Retrieved from [URL]
Reference List Example:
Missouri Department of Natural Resources. (n.d.). Water resources center. Retrieved from http://www.dnr.mo.gov/env/wrc/
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Missouri Department of Natural Resources, n.d.)

 

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Personal Communications

Note: As stated in section 6.20, page 179 of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, personal communications include letters, memos, some electronic communications, personal interviews, and telephone conversations. Because personal communications do not have "recoverable data," they are not included in the reference list and cited in text only. Give the surname and first initials of the communicator (the person being interviewed or speaking in the communication) and an exact date. If the name of the communicator is given in the text, include the exact date in the in text citation according to the first example below.

Personal Communication In Text Example:
(Communicator, personal communication, Date of communication)
Reference Citation In Text Example:
B. D. Smith (personal communication, September 27, 1999)
(Linn, F. B., personal communication, October 12, 2000)

 

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Citing Abstracts as Original Source

Note:
  • The 6th edition manual states that while it is preferable to cite the full text of an article, abstracts can be used as sources and included in your References list.
  • Examples of how to cite abstracts as original source and an abstract as a secondary source (print periodical) are available in section 7.01, page 202, of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Reserve, 808.066 A51p 2010, Library Services Desk, 1st Floor).
  • An example of how to cite an abstract of a doctoral dissertation in Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) are available in section 7.05, page 208, of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

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Abstract as Originial Source in Print
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article [Abstract]. Title of the Periodical, volume number, Inclusive page numbers.
Reference List Example:
Elliott, D. (2009). Impact of real and illusory target perturbations on manual aiming [Abstract]. Experimental Brain Research, 197, 279-285.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Elliot, 2009)


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Online Abstract as Originial Source
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number, Inclusive page numbers. Abstract retrieved from Persistent link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Wetter, O. E. (2009). Does musical training improve school performance? Instructional Science, 37, 365-374. Abstract retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=psyh&AN=2009-09536-004&site=ehost-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Wetter, 2009)


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Business Insights: Essentials (Business & Company Resource Center) Examples

Citation Note



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For further help citing periodical articles, consult Examples by Type 7:01 Periodical, 1-17, pages 198-202 of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.



Business & Company Resource Center MAGAZINE Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Periodical, Volume Number. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Rattner, S . (2009, November 9). Auto bailout: How we did it. Fortune, 160. Retrieved from http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=
44910523&site=bsi-live

Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Rattner, 2009)

 

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Business & Company Resource Center NEWSPAPER Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Newspaper. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
McChrystal, S. A service year to build American community. (2014, November 16). Washington Post. Retrieved from http://bi.galegroup.com/essentials/article/GALE%7CA390320623/
bf4de9dbb15fcdaa9037cf6e9a4fcaf4?u=nwmosu_owens
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(McChrystal, 2014)

 

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Business & Company Resource Center Company Profile Example:
Title of report. (Date of Publication). [Company profile]. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Sprint Nextel Corp. (n.d.). [Company profile]. Retrieved from
http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BCRC?rsic=PK&rcp=CO&vrsn=
unknown&locID=nwmosu_owens&srchtp=cmp&cc=1&c=1&mode=
c&ste=60&tbst=tsCM&tab=1&ccmp=Sprint+Nextel+Corp.&tcp=
sprint&n=25&bConts=13247&ses=1
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Sprint Nextel Corp, n.d.)


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Business & Company Resource Center SWOT Analysis Example:
Title of report. (Date of publication). [SWOT analysis]. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Sprint Nextel Corporation - Financial and strategic analysis review. (2009, September). [SWOT analysis]. Retrieved from
http://callisto.ggsrv.com/imgsrv/Fetch?banner=4c0811cf&digest=
9b527804d7f2da038324552e5ce26772
&contentSet=SWOT&recordID=1292796_GMDTC33138FSA
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Sprint Nextel Corporation, 2009)


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Business & Company Resource Center Company History Example:
Title of History. (Year of publication). [Company history]. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Sprint Nextel Corporation. (2010). [Company history]. Retrieved from
http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BCRC?rsic=PK&rcp=
CO&vrsn=unknown&locID=nwmosu_owens&srchtp=cmp&
cc=1&c=2&mode=c&ste=74&tbst=tsCM&tab=4&ccmp=
Sprint+Nextel+Corp.&tcp=sprint&n=25&docNum=
I2501151572&bConts=13247
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Sprint Nextel Corporation, 2010)


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Business & Company Resource Center Investment Report Example:
Title of report. (Date of publication). [Investment Report]. Title of the Periodical. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Sprint Nextel Corp. (2010, June 1). [Investment report]. EconomicInvestor:
The Economy Matters
. Retrieved from
http://invreports.galegroup.com/reuters/getDocument?DOCID=32804065
&CONTEXT=BCRC&DIGEST=5b0136054a2b270322fa472cbf4b5a9a&
LOCID=nwmosu_owens&DOCTYPE=pdf
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Sprint Nextel Corp, 2010)


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Business & Company Resource Center Financials Example:
Title of financial. (Period End Date). Tab Name. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Sprint Nextel Corporation. (2009, December 31). Ratios. Retrieved from
http://invreports.galegroup.com/reuters/FinancialReport/FinancialReports.jsp?
COUNTRY=US&LOCID=nwmosu_owens&DIGEST=5b0136054a2b270322fa4
72cbf4b5a9a&CONTEXT=BCRC&TICKER=S
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Sprint Nextel Corporation, 2009)


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Business & Company Resource Center Rankings Example:
Title of ranking . (Year of Publication). [Ranking]. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Largest telecom service companies worldwide, 2007. (2007).
[Ranking]. Retrieved from
http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BCRC?vrsn=unknown
&locID=nwmosu_owens&srchtp=glbc&cc=1&c=3&mode=
c&ste=95&tbst=tsCM&tab=8192&ccmp=Sprint+Nextel+
Corp.&mst=sprint&n=25&docNum=I2502027200&bConts=13247
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Largest telecom, 2007)


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Business Source Premier Examples

Citation Note

Trade Periodicals


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For further help citing periodical articles, consult Examples by Type 7:01 Periodical, 1-17, pages 198-202 of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Business Source Premier JOURNAL Articles with DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number, Inclusive page numbers. doi:[DOI].

Reference List Example:
Romer, C. D. (2009). Fiscal policy and economic recovery. Business Economics, 44, 132-135. doi:10.1057/be.2009.14
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Romer, 2009)



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Business Source Premier JOURNAL Articles without DOI (Digital Object Identifier)
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number(issue number), Inclusive page numbers. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Poole, W. (2009). Moral hazard: The long-lasting legacy of bailouts. Financial Analysts Journal, 65(15), 1-7. Retrieved from http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/
IPChecking.asp?http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&
db=buh&AN=45106137&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Poole, 2009)

 

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Business Source Premier MAGAZINE Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Periodical, Volume Number. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Rattner, S . (2009, November 9). Auto bailout: How we did it. Fortune, 160.
Retrieved from http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&
AN=44910523&site=bsi-live

Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Rattner, 2009)

 

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Business Source Premier NEWSPAPER Article Example:
Author(s), if provided; if not begin citation with the article title). (Date of Publication). Title of article. Title of the Newspaper. Retrieved [date of access], from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Web browsing ups productivity. (2014, July 15). Investors Business Daily. Retrieved from http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=97046755&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
("Web browsing ups productivity," 2014)

 

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Trade Magazine Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Brookman, F. (2007, September 3). Beauty moves front and center at select Targets.  WWD: Women's Wear Daily, 194. Retrieved from http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?http://search.ebscohost.com/
login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=26247691&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Brookman, 2007)
Note: If volume number is not present in the article record in the database, omit it from your citation.


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Business Source Premier Datamonitor Report: SWOT Analysis
Title of report. (Date of publication). Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
NIKE, Inc. SWOT analysis. (2009, July). Retrieved from
http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN
=41223939&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(NIKE, Inc. SWOT analysis, 2009)


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Business Source Premier Datamonitor Report: Company Profile
Title of report. (Year of publication). Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Adobe Systems Incorporated company profile. (2009). Retrieved from
http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?http://search.
ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&authdb=dmhco&
AN=F75A5273-3D33-4054-AA29-358D1E9B6C5C&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Adobe Systems, 2009)


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Business Source Premier Datamonitor Report: Industry Profile
Title of profile. (Date of publication). Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Wireless telecommunication services industry profile: United States. (2009, July). Retrieved from http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&
AN=43889759&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Wireless, 2009)


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Business Source Premier Country Profile
Title of profile. (Date of publication). [Country profile]. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Australia country monitor. (2009, September). [Country profile]. Retrieved from
http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&
db=buh&AN=44674196&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Australia, 2009)


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Business Source Premier Market Research Reports
Title of article segment. (Date of publication). [Market research report]. Title of the Periodical, volume number. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Executive summary. (2009). [Market research report]. Biomass Report, 3. Retrieved from
http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?http://
search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&
AN=44574805&site=bsi-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
("Executive summary," 2009)


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CQ Researcher Plus Archive Example

CQ Researcher Plus Archive Entire Article Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Hatch, D. (2003, June 6). Drug company ethics. CQ Researcher, 13. Retrieved from http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2003060600
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Hatch, 2003)

 

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CQ Researcher Plus Archive Report Section Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article: Section heading title. Title of the Periodical, volume number. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark URL
Reference List Example:
Hatch, D. (2003, June 6). Drug company ethics: Current situation. CQ Researcher, 13. Retrieved from http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/cqresrre2003060600
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Hatch, 2003)

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LexisNexis Academic Universe Full-text Examples

Use the LexisNexis®Academic Subscriber Tools Beta page to create a direct link to LexisNexis Academic journal, magazine, or newspaper articles.


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LexisNexis Academic Universe JOURNALS With Continuous Pagination Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number(issue number). Retrieved from Database link
Reference List Example:
Post, R. C. (2003). Fashioning the legal constitution: Culture, courts, and law. Harvard Law Review, 117(1). Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic

 

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LexisNexis Academic Universe JOURNALS Paginated By Issue Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number (issue number). Retrieved from Database link
Reference List Example:
Stephanopoulos, N. (2005). Solving the due process problem with military commissions. Yale Law Journal, 114(4). Retrieved from
http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Stephanopoulos, 2005)

 

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LexisNexis Academic Universe MAGAZINE Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number(Issue number). Retrieved from Database link
Reference List Example:
Denby, D. (2003, October 13). Dead reckoning. The New Yorker, 79(30). Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Denby, 2003)

 

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LexisNexis Academic Universe Newspaper Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Newspaper, p. Starting Page Number. Retrieved from Database link
Reference List Example:
Cole, R. (2008, January 22). Fitness centers: Catering to needs for better health.
Kansas City Star. Retrieved from
http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Cole, 2008)

 

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LexisNexis Academic Universe Company Profile Example:
Title of profile. (Date of publication). [Company profile]. Name of source. Retrieved from Database link
Reference List Example:
Apple Inc. (2009, December 9). [Company profile]. Hoover's Company Records: In-depth Records. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/
lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Apple Inc, 2009)


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LexisNexis Academic Universe SEC Filing Example:
Filing Name. (Document date). Form type . Retrieved from Database link
Reference List Example:
Wal Mart Stores Inc. (2009, October 31). 10-Q. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Wal Mart Stores Inc, 2009)


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LexisNexis Academic Universe Country Profile Example:
Title of profile article. (Date of publication). Country Name. Source name. Retrieved from Database link
Reference List Example:
Czech premier, Russian deputy premier discuss energy security.
(2009, September 14)
. Czech Republic. BBC Monitoring Europe - Political. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
("Czech Premier," 2009)


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LexisNexis Academic Universe Compare Companies Example:
Company ticker symbols. [Company financial comparison]. Source name. Retrieved [date of access], from Database link
Reference List Example:
TGT, WMT. [Company financial comparison]. CoreData US Institutional Database. Retrieved December 7, 2009, from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(TGT, 2009)


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Opposing Viewpoints in ContextFull-Text Examples


 

Media

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Opposing Veiwpoints Viewpoints Essays (Viewpoints Tab) From Books Example:
Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of essay. In Editor Name(s) (Ed(s).), Title of the Book. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Taylor, J., & VanDoren, P. (2006). Alternative energy should not be pursued. In C. A. Bily (Ed.), Global Warming. Retrieved from
http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?contentSet=GSRC&docType=
GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=
EJ3010222254&userGroupName=nwmosu_owens&version=1.0&searchType=
BasicSearchForm&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Taylor & VanDoren, 2006)

 

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Opposing Viewpoints Magazine Article (Magazines Tab)
With No Volume or Issue Numbers Example:
Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Samuelson, R. J. (2007, August 20). Greenhouse simplicities. Newsweek. Retrieved from http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?subjectParam=
Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28su%2CNone%2C25
%29%22Greenhouse+simplicities%22%24&sgHitCountType=
None&searchType=BasicSearchForm&sort=DateDescend&type=
search&tabID=T003&subjectAction=DISPLAY_SUBJECTS&prodId=
OVRC&queryId=Locale%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28ke%2C
None%2C23%29Greenhouse+simplicities%24&version= 1.0&userGroupName=nwmosu_owens&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Samuelson, 2007)


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Opposing Viewpoints Magazine Article (Magazines Tab)
With Volume & Issue Numbers Example:
Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number(Issue Number). Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Lemonick, M. D. (2007, August 6). Islands of life. Time, 170(5).
Retrieved from http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?
contentSet=IAC-documen&docType=IAC&type=retrieve&tabID=T003&prodId=
OVRC&docId=A166826130&userGroupName=nwmosu_owens
&version=1.0&searchType=BasicSearchForm&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Lemonick, 2007)


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Opposing Viewpoints Reference Article Example:
Author(s) of Entry. (Year of Publication). Title of Chapter. In Editor(s) (Eds.), Title of book (Edition.). Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Spear, J. E. (2003). Carbon emissions trading. In M. Bortman, P. Brimblecombe, & M. A. Cunningham, (Eds.), Environmental encyclopedia (3rd ed.). Retrieved from
http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?subjectParam=Locale%28en%2C
Carbon+emissions+trading%22%24&sgHitCountType=None&searchType=
BasicSearchAction= DISPLAY_SUBJECTS&prodId= OVRC&queryId=
Locale%28en Carbon+emissions+trading%24&version=1.0
&userGroupName=nwmosu_owens&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Spear, 2003)


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Opposing Viewpoints Academic Article (Academic Journals Tab)
With No Issue Number Example:
Author(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of the Journal, Volume number, Inclusive Page Numbers. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Smith, D. (2007). FP online poll results. Foreign Policy, 159, 99. Retrieve from http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?subjectParam=Locale%28en%2
Carbon+emissions+trading22%24&sgHitCountType=None&searchType=
BasicSearchAction=DISPLAY_SUBJECTS&prodId= OVRC&queryId=Locale
%28en online+poll+trading%24&version=1.0 &userGroupName=nwmosu_owens&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Smith, 2007)

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Opposing Viewpoints Academic Article (Academic Journals Tab)
With Volume and Issue Numbers Example:
Author(s). (Year). Title of article. Title of the Journal, Volume number(Issue Number), Inclusive Page Numbers. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Fleming, J. R. (2007). Climate engineers. The Wilson Quarterly, 31(2), 46-60. Retrieved from
http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?contentSet=IAC-documents&docType=IAC
&type=retrieve&tabID=T002&prodId=OVRC&docId=
A163065669&userGroupName=nwmosu_owens&version=1.0&searchType=
BasicSearchForm&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Fleming, 2007)


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Opposing Viewpoints Newspaper Article (News Tab) Example:
Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of the Newspaper. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Egelko, B. (2007, September 13). Californians hail emissions ruling. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?subjectParam=Locale
%28en%2C%2C%29%3AFQE%3D%28su%2CNone%2C36%
29%22Californians+hail+emissions+ruling%22%24&version=1.0
&userGroupName=nwmosu _owens&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Egelko, 2007)

 

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Opposing Viewpoints Media Transcript (Media Tab) Example:
Host(s). (Show Host). (Year, Month Day). Title of broadcast.[Broadcast transcript]Title of the News Show. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Idstie, J. (Show Host). (2007, August 24). Religion, history shape Iraq's relationship with Iran. [Broadcast transcript]. National Public Radio. Retrieved from http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do? contentSet=IAC-documen&docType=IAC&type=retrieve&tabID=T003&prodId= OVRC&docId=A166826130&userGroupName=nwmosu_owens &version=1.0&searchType=BasicSearchForm&source=gale
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Idstie, 2007)

 

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Points of View Examples


 

Magazines

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Points of View (Points of View Tab) Example:
Author(s). (Year of publication). Title of article . Title of the Periodical . Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Rich, A. (2006). Animal rights: An overview. Points of View. Retrieved from
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=22827052&site=pov-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Rich, 2006)

 

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Magazine Article (Magazines Tab) Example:
Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Belli, B. (2012, February 20). Defender of the seas. E: The Environmental Magazine . Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&AN=70285094&site=pov-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Belli, 2010)


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Newspaper Article (Newspaper Tab) Example:
Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical. Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Jimison, J. (2012, September 22). Unsettled waters . Wilson Daily Times , 170(5).
Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&
AN=2W61138751147&site=pov-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Jamison, 2012)


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Book Chapter (Books Tab) Example:
Author(s) of Entry. (Year of Publication). Title of Chapter. In Editor(s) (Eds.), Title of book (Edition.). Retrieved from Persistent Link or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Slesnik, I. L. (2004). To hunt or not to hunt . In Clones, Cats, & Chemicals: Thinking Scientifically about Controversial Issues. Retrieved from
http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pwh&
AN=26379250&site=pov-live=
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Slesnik, 2004)


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ACM Portal Full-Text Examples

Citation Note


ACM Portal JOURNALS With Continuous Pagination and DOI Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Title of the Periodical, volume number, Inclusive page numbers. doi:DOI
Reference List Example:
Francis-Cobley, P. P., & Coward, A. D. (2004). Voice over IP versus voice over frame relay. International Journal of Network Management, 14, 223-230. doi:10.1002/nem.518
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Francis-Cobley & Coward, 2004)

 

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ACM Portal Proceedings published regularly online example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the paper. Title of the Proceedings: volume number if available, Inclusive page numbers. doi:DOI
Reference List Example:
Accot, J., & Zhai, S. (2001). Scale effects in steering law tasks. Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 312-317. doi:10.1145/365024.365027
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Accot & Zhai, 2001)

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IBISWorld Industry Report Example

Citation Note




IBISWorld Industry Report Example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the report . Retrieved from Persistent URL or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
Kidson, A. (2010, June). IBISWorld industry report 33451a: Measuring, testing & navigational instrument manufacturing in the US. Retrieved from 1http://www.ibisworld.com/industryus/default.aspx?indid=763
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Kidson, 2010)

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Mental Measurements Yearbook Example

Citation Note






Mental Measurement Yearbook Online Entry example:
Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of the report . Retrieved from Persistent URL or Bookmark
Reference List Example:
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (n.d.). Personality Inventory-3. Retrieved from http://www.nwmissouri.edu/Library/IPChecking.asp?http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx? direct=true&db=mmt&AN=TIP19123682&site=ehost-live
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(Mcrae & Costa, 2010)

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Mental Measurement Yearbook Print Entry example:
Author(s) of Entry. (Date of Publication). Title of chapter. In Editor(s)(Eds.), Title of book (Edition, Vol. volume #, pp. Page Numbers). City of Publisher, US Postal Abbreviation: Publisher.
Reference List Example:
McNamara, J. R. (2007). Abuse Disability Questionnaire. In L. Nadel (Ed.), Mental measurements yearbook (17th ed., pp. 5-7). Lincoln, NE: Buros Institute of Mental Measurements.
Reference Citation In Text Example:
(McNamara, 2007)

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Work in a Secondary Source

Note:
  • Examples of how to cite a work discussed in a secondary source are available in section 6.17, page 178, of the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (Reserve, 808.066 A51p 2010, Library Services Desk, 1st Floor).
  • If Johnson and Wyatt's study is cited in Ury but you did not read Johnson and Wyatt but found information from their study cited in Ury use the following format: Enter the secondary source in your reference list and name the original work in the text and cite the secondary source as an in-text citation.

Reference Citation In Text Example:
Johnson and Wyatt's study (as cited in Ury, 2003)
Reference List Entry:
Ury, C. (2003). Perception and misconception: Information gathering attitudes. Psychological Review, 120, 350-360.

 

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Citing Sources